earthquakes in the Netherlands

Gas drilling () by Shell and ExxonMobil in Groningen gas field (the Netherlands) causing destructive earthquakes.

Gas drilling has similarities with fracking, also causing shallow earthquakes.

About this animation

This animation tries to show the quakes in Groningen via two ways: visually (red dots). The bigger the quake, the bigger the dot. And via sound: every beep represents a quake and the higher the beep, the heavier the quake.

IF a quake is above 3.4 a hotel bell rings, and also this will be noted in the time line.

Background

On May 29, 1959 the NAM (= Shell and ExxonMobil) discovered the first Groningen gas in Kolham (Slochteren, the Netherlands / Holland). The Groningen field covers an area of approximately 900 km2, lies at a depth of 3,000 m and the thickness of the gas-containing layer is about 100 meters. Here you will find information about the earthquakes in Groningen . Since about 2012 the earthquakes caused by the gas exploitation increase in number and strength. The epicenter of all shocks is at about Loppersum and Huizinge. The expectation is that the quakes will get stronger.

Info

The data are almost 'realtime'.

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Made with HTML5, hosting: Byte

HTML5 logo Byte, web hosting Groninger Bodem Beweging

About

Who am I?

translation: Nicolette Marié

Credits sounds: placing of derricks: Timgormly (edited), earthquake: Burkay (edited), background sound: JimiMod (edited), start: Offthesky (edited). Supported by: Freesound

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Petition

Time line of the gas exploitation of Groningen gas field and resulting earth quakes in Groningen, the Netherlands

Audio: “Do you have any idea how many gas quakes we've had thus far in 2017?” – Prime minister: “I don't have the latest figures…”

1987

Van der Sluis (geographer): ‘Gas extraction could result in quakes.’

1987

Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute (KNMI): ‘That wasn’t a quake, that was a plane breaking through the sound barrier.’

info

Attention: Some quakes are audible but not visible on the map.

1988 – 1990

‘Gas extraction could cause quakes’ (Shell-Exxon = ‘NAM’).

‘Quakes up to M3 possible’ (MIT).

info

As early as 1991 houses started to collapse (discovered by Dutch radio program Argos, 2013).

end 1993

Expert panel: ‘Sometimes, earthquakes are the result of gas extraction.’

1995

Van der Sluis (geographer): ‘Shell-ExxonMobil is stalling.’

feb 19th 1997

Earthquake at Roswinkel, M 3.4 / 3 km depth, very shallow.

info

Shell + ExxonMobil = NAM (‘Nederlandse Aardolie Maatschappij’).

2001

‘Quakes probably caused by gas extraction’ (KNMI, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute).

2001

Earthquake at Alkmaar, M 3.5.

aug 11th 2003

KNMI, Royal Netherlands Meteorological Institute: ‘The relation between gas extraction and earthquakes is not coincidental.’

aug 8th 2006

Earthquake M 3.5 / 3 km, triangle Middelstum, Stedum, Westeremden.

oct 30th 2008

NOS (Dutch public broadcaster): ‘Perhaps it is just the frost causing this?’

feb 18th 2009

‘Last year, the amount of gas sold abroad reached a record high.’ (NOS, Dutch public broadcaster).

jun 28th 2011

Houses in Groningen damaged as a result of earthquake.

aug 16th 2012

Again, Groningen is hit by a severe quake (Huizinge, M 3.6 / 3 km depth, very shallow).

jan 26th 2013

Researchers: ‘Earthquakes stronger when more gas is extracted’. Shell-ExxonMobil: ‘Acceptable risk.’

sep 5th 2013

‘Annual risk of earthquakes > M 3.9 is 7%. Advice: rapid reduction.’

sep 4th 2013

Quake North of Groningen, M 2.8, 3 km depth, very shallow.

dec 30th 2013

In 2013, ExxonMobil and Shell extracted twice the amount of gas from the ground than they agreed they would.

sep 30th 2014

First earthquake close to the city of Groningen (200,000 inhabitants).

info

At least 1350 monu­ments are dama­ged.

info

100.000 house owners report damage.

Audio: 'In short, the whole economy, the consumers, the state, the companies involved and the industry will profit from this natural gas' – Minister Andriessen (Economic Affairs), 1963

Discovery of the gas field

The first gas was discovered

(22 july 1959 at 6:33)

Earnings per second

In the past
0 seconds,
0 euro was earned

Most severe induced quake (near Huizinge)


ago (August 16th, 2012 at 10:30:33 pm)


Total number of quakes

To date quakes in The Netherlands

Groningen Gas Field, a disaster in slow motion, interactive doc.

Total number of damage reports

(daily updated).